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Academic Review Vol.2(15)



Kairat Belek

Diversity and richness of traditional cultures of each people define a different subject level of research. In this connection the great value gets studying traditional cattle breeding facilities at nomadic people in the past.
Life of Kyrgyz for many centuries was indissolubly connected with nomadic cattle breeding in which the major function belonged to horse breeding. Research of a place and value of horse breeding in the system of traditional facilities of Kyrgyz enables to restore an original picture of economic life of the Kyrgyz nomadic society. Study of this branch has the important scientific value as it is connected with such general questions as identification of people. Traditions of horse breeding were kept with Kyrgyz up to the present.
The following sayings of the Kyrgyz about value of a horse in life of any the nomadic are absolutely right: «At Adamdyn kanaty»– the fair horse is the man‟s wing, «at, attan kıyın jat»-without a horse as without legs. And really it is difficult to imagine conditions of nomadic cattle breeding to without horses: first, how to cattle; secondly, how to migrate; thirdly, dialogue with relatives, tents which often settled down at a significant distance from each other, too was in the certain dependence on presence of a vehicle. The proverb "atan barda el taany, atyn barda jer taany" - while you have a father, learn people when you have a horse, study the lands - once again emphasizes a significant role of the horse in life of cattlemen. Through the father to the son the knowledge of traditions of people are passed down and with the horse the person can know not only the ancestors life but also neighboring people. In this article the aspect of horse in social-cultural life of Kyrgyz will be researched.


Rahat Sabyrbekov

The paper evaluates the current climate change adaptation policies. Kyrgyz Republic is signatory to all global climate agreements and is considered one of the leaders in the development of adaptation actions. However, the analysis shows that the adaptation programs suffer from lack of local context and local leadership. More worryingly, the national adaptation plans fail to meet sustainable adaptation criteria.

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